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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 29  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 135-141

Common primary headaches in pregnancy


Department of Anaesthesiology and Pain Management, Kalipada Chaudhuri Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Anuradha Mitra
B1 Sourav Abasan, ED Block, Salt Lake, Kolkata - 700091
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-5333.165823

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Headache is a very common problem in pregnancy. Evaluation of a complaint of headache requires categorizing it as primary or secondary. Migrainous headaches are known to be influenced by fluctuation of estrogen levels with high levels improving it and low levels deteriorating the symptoms. Tension-type Headaches (TTHs) are the most common and usually less severe types of headache with female to male ratio 3:1. Women known to have primary headache before conception who present with a headache that is different from their usual headache, or women not known to have primary headache before conception who present with new-onset of headache during pregnancy need neurologic assessments for potential secondary cause for their headache. In addition to proper history and physical examination, both non-contrast computed tomography (CT) and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) are considered safe to be performed in pregnant women when indicated. Treatment of abortive and prophylactic therapy should include non-pharmacologic tools, judicious use of drugs which are safe for mother and fetus.


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