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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 29  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 142-149

Primary headaches in children


Department of Anesthesiology, KPC Medical College and Hospital, Jadavpur, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Anuradha Mitra
B1, Sourav Abasan, ED Block, Salt Lake, Kolkata - 700 091, West Bengal
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-5333.165832

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Headache is a widespread clinical problem; the prevalence is high in all age groups, from which children and teenagers are not spared. It has been reported that, as many as 75% of school-age children may experience headache infrequently, among them 10% have recurrent headaches. [1],[2] The vast majority of headaches are primary and classified as migraine, tension-type headache (TTH), cluster headache, and other trigeminal autonomic cephalgias. The type of primary headaches could usually be diagnosed by a thorough and careful history taking, and physical examination. Once the diagnosis of migraine is established and appropriate reassurance provided, a balanced and individually tailored treatment plan can be instituted. The goal of treatment includes abortive or acute pain treatment, preventive long-term treatment, and biobehavioral therapy. Knowledge of precise impact of primary headaches on child's quality of life helps to design a proper comprehensive treatment plan.


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