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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 33  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 11-14

Combination of critical care pain observation tool and face, legs, activity, cry, consolability scale in assessment of postoperative pain severity in postanesthesia care unit: A prospective cross-sectional analytical study


1 Department of Anaesthesiology, North Bengal Medical College and Hospital, Siliguri, West Bengal, India
2 Department of Anaesthesiology, KPC Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Subrata Ray
Department of Anaesthesiology, KPC Medical College and Hospital, 1F, Raja S.C.Mullick Road, Kolkata - 700 032, West Bengal
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijpn.ijpn_5_19

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Context: Effective post-operative pain assessment is mandatory to exclude overdose of analgesics and avoid adverse effects. Patients in PACU have impaired ability to communicate making pain assessment challenging. This study aims to establish agreement between two pain scales, CPOT (Criticalcare Pain Observation Tool) and FLACC (Face, Legs, Activity, Cry, Consolability) and to find out specificity of combination of scales. Methods: Taking sample size of 50 patients of either sex, aged 18-80 years, ASA-PS I-III, undergoing elective surgeries were chosen, study period being June-September 2017. Adequately reversed, extubated patients not receiving sedatives, analgesics and local anaesthetics within 15 minutes before end of operation were included while patients with ASA-PS more than III or on ventilator were excluded. Assessment was done upto 2 hours at 30 minutes interval using CPOT tool and FLACC scale simultaneously by two observers, both being blinded about study. Results: Combination of two scales show high odds ratio (41%) and kappa coefficient (0.78) suggesting excellent agreement. Specificity of combination of scales is very high (95.2%) than individual test. Conclusion: CPOT and FLACC scale together has excellent agreement and their combination are more specific to assess the severity of post-operative pain than when used individually.


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