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   Table of Contents - Current issue
Coverpage
December 2019
Volume 33 | Issue 4 (Supplement)
Page Nos. 1-56

Online since Tuesday, January 14, 2020

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SPECIAL ARTICLES (GUIDELINES)  

The Indian Society for Study of Pain, Cancer Pain Special Interest Group (SIG) guidelines, for the diagnosis and assessment of cancer pain p. 1
Aparna Chatterjee, Raghu S Thota, Raghavendra Ramanjulu, Arif Ahmed, Dipasri Bhattacharya, Naveen Salins, Parmanand Jain, Sushma Bhatnagar
DOI:10.4103/ijpn.ijpn_79_19  
The Indian Society for Study of Pain (ISSP), Cancer Pain Special Interest Group guidelines, for the diagnosis and assessment of cancer pain in adults provide a structured, step-wise approach which will help to improve the management of cancer pain and to provide the patients with a minimally acceptable quality of life. The guidelines have been developed based on the available literature and evidence, to suit the needs of patient population and situations in India. A questionnaire based on the key elements of each sub draft addressing certain inconclusive areas where evidence was lacking, was made available on the ISSP website and circulated by E-mail to all the ISSP and Indian Association of Palliative Care members. We recommend that a comprehensive pain assessment of all the patients should be conducted before initiating treatment. The patients should be educated about all the available pain control interventions. For assessing cancer pain, unidimensional tools such as Numeric Rating Scale, Visual Analog Scale, and Visual Rating Scale should always be used routinely. Patients with cancer pain should routinely be screened for distress and other psychological disorders, using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9. The most reliable assessment of pain is patients' self-reporting.
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The Indian Society for Study of Pain, Cancer Pain Special Interest Group guidelines on pharmacological management of cancer pain (Part I) p. 11
Raghavendra Ramanjulu, Raghu S Thota, Arif Ahmed, Parmanand Jain, Naveen Salins, Sushma Bhatnagar, Aparna Chatterjee, Dipasri Bhattacharya
DOI:10.4103/ijpn.ijpn_80_19  
The Indian Society for Study of Pain (ISSP), Cancer Pain Special Interest Group guidelines on pharmacological management of cancer pain in adults provides a structured, step-wise approach which will help to improve the management of cancer pain and to provide the patients with a minimally acceptable quality of life. The guidelines have been developed based on the available literature and evidence, to suit the needs, patient population, and situations in India. A questionnaire based on the key elements of each sub drafts addressing certain inconclusive areas where evidence was lacking, was made available on the ISSP website, and circulated by E-mail to all the ISSP and Indian Association of Palliative Care members. We recommend that analgesics for cancer pain management should follow the World Health Organization three-step analgesic ladder appropriate for the severity of pain. The use of paracetamol and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs alone or in combination with opioids for mild-to-moderate pain should be used. For mild-to-moderate pain, weak opioids such as tramadol, tapentadol, and codeine can be given in combination with nonopioid analgesics. We recommend morphine as the opioid of first choice for moderate-to-severe cancer pain.
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The Indian Society for Study of Pain, Cancer Pain Special Interest Group guidelines on pharmacological management of cancer pain (Part II) p. 18
Raghu S Thota, Raghavendra Ramanjulu, Arif Ahmed, Parmanand Jain, Naveen Salins, Sushma Bhatnagar, Aparna Chatterjee, Dipasri Bhattacharya
DOI:10.4103/ijpn.ijpn_81_19  
The Indian Society for Study of Pain (ISSP), Cancer Pain Special Interest Group (SIG) guidelines on pharmacological management of cancer pain in adults provide a structured, stepwise approach, which will help to improve the management of cancer pain and to provide the patients with a minimally acceptable quality of life. The guidelines have been developed based on the available literature and evidence, to suit the needs, patient population, and situations in India. A questionnaire, based on the key elements of each subdraft addressing certain inconclusive areas where evidence was lacking, was made available on the ISSP website and circulated by e-mail to all the ISSP and Indian Association of Palliative Care members. We recommend that analgesics for cancer pain management should follow the World Health Organization 3-step analgesic ladder appropriate for the severity of pain. The use of paracetamol and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs alone or in combination with opioids for mild-to-moderate pain should be used. For mild-to-moderate pain, weak opioids such as tramadol, tapentadol, and codeine can be given in combination with nonopioid analgesics. We recommend morphine as the opioid of the first choice for moderate-to-severe cancer pain. Sustained-release formulations can be started 12 hourly, once the effective 24 h dose with immediate-release morphine is established. Opioid switch or rotation should be considered if there is inadequate analgesia or intolerable side effects. For opioid-induced respiratory depression, μ receptor antagonists (e.g., naloxone) must be used promptly. Antidepressants and/or anticonvulsants should be used to treat neuropathic cancer pain, and the dose should be titrated according to the clinical response and side effects. External beam radiotherapy should be offered to all patients with painful metastatic bone pain. There is evidence on use of ketamine in cancer neuropathic pain, but with no beneficial effect, thus, it is not recommended.
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The Indian Society for Study of Pain, Cancer Pain Special Interest Group guidelines on pharmacological management of cancer pain (Part III) p. 30
Raghavendra Ramanjulu, Raghu S Thota, Arif Ahmed, Parmanand Jain, Sushma Bhatnagar, Naveen Salins, Aparna Chatterjee, Dipasri Bhattacharya
DOI:10.4103/ijpn.ijpn_82_19  
The Indian Society for Study of Pain (ISSP), Cancer Pain Special Interest Group, guidelines on pharmacological management of cancer pain in adults provide a structured, step-wise approach which will help to improve the management of cancer pain and to provide patients with a minimally acceptable quality of life. The guidelines have been developed based on the available literature and evidence, to suit the needs, patient population, and situations in India. A questionnaire based on the key elements of each subdraft addressing certain inconclusive areas where evidence was lacking, was made available on the ISSP website and circulated by E-mail to all the ISSP and Indian Association of Palliative Care members. Antidepressants and/or anticonvulsants should be used to treat neuropathic cancer pain and the dose should be titrated according to the clinical response and side effects. External beam radiotherapy should be offered to all patients with painful metastatic bone pain. There is evidence on the use of ketamine in cancer neuropathic pain, but with no beneficial effect, thus it is not recommended.
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The Indian society for study of pain, cancer pain special interest group guidelines on complementary therapies for cancer pain p. 37
Arif Ahmed, Raghu S Thota, Sushma Bhatnagar, Parmanand Jain, Raghavendra Ramanjulu, Naveen Salins, Aparna Chatterjee, Dipasri Bhattacharya
DOI:10.4103/ijpn.ijpn_83_19  
The Indian Society for Study of Pain (ISSP), cancer pain Special Interest Group (SIG) guidelines on complementary therapies for cancer pain in adults provides a structured, stepwise approach which will help to improve the management of cancer pain and to provide the patients with a minimally acceptable quality of life. The guidelines have been developed based on the available literature and evidence, to suit the needs, patient population, and situations in India. A questionnaire based on the key elements of each sub drafts addressing certain inconclusive areas where evidence was lacking, was made available on the ISSP website and circulated by e-mail to all the ISSP and Indian Association of Palliative Care members. We recommend that psychological interventions, including psychoeducation, are useful and should be considered in patients with cancer pain and psychological distress. Furthermore, physical and complementary treatment can be used as an adjunctive therapy for patients with cancer pain.
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The Indian Society for Study of Pain, Cancer Pain Special Interest Group guidelines on interventional management for cancer pain p. 42
Arif Ahmed, Raghu S Thota, Aparna Chatterjee, Parmanand Jain, Raghavendra Ramanjulu, Sushma Bhatnagar, Naveen Salins, Dipasri Bhattacharya
DOI:10.4103/ijpn.ijpn_84_19  
The Indian Society for Study of Pain (ISSP), Cancer Pain Special Interest Group guidelines on interventional management for cancer pain in adults provide a structured, stepwise approach which will help to improve the management of cancer pain and to provide the patients with minimally acceptable quality of life. The guidelines have been developed based on the available literature and evidence, to suit the needs, patient population, and situations in India. A questionnaire based on the key elements of each sub draft addressing certain inconclusive areas where evidence was lacking was made available on the ISSP website and circulated by e-mail to all the ISSP and Indian Association of Palliative Care members. We recommend using interventional management when conventional therapy fails to offer adequate benefits or causes undesirable side effects. Vertebroplasty should be offered to patients with uncontrolled bone pain when expertise is available.
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The Indian Society for Study of Pain, Cancer Pain Special Interest Group guidelines on palliative care aspects in cancer pain management p. 49
Naveen Salins, Raghu S Thota, Sushma Bhatnagar, Raghavendra Ramanjulu, Arif Ahmed, Parmanand Jain, Aparna Chatterjee, Dipasri Bhattacharya
DOI:10.4103/ijpn.ijpn_85_19  
The Indian Society for Study of Pain (ISSP), Cancer Pain Special Interest Group guidelines on palliative care aspects in cancer pain in adults provide a structured, stepwise approach which will help to improve the management of cancer pain and to provide the patients with a minimally acceptable quality of life. The guidelines have been developed based on the available literature and evidence, to suit the needs, patient population, and situations in India. A questionnaire based on the key elements of each subdraft addressing certain inconclusive areas where evidence was lacking was made available on the ISSP website and circulated by E-mail to all the ISSP and Indian Association of Palliative Care members. In a cancer care setting, approaches toward managing pain vary between ambulatory setting, home care setting, acute inpatient setting, and end-of-life care in hospice setting. We aim to expound the cancer pain management approaches in these settings. In an ambulatory palliative care setting, the WHO analgesic step ladder is used for cancer pain management. The patients with cancer pain require admission for acute inpatient palliative care unit for poorly controlled pain in ambulatory and home care settings, rapid opioid titration, titration of difficult drugs such as methadone, acute pain crisis, pain neuromodulation, and pain interventions. In a palliative home care setting, the cancer pain is usually assessed and managed by nurses and primary physicians with a limited input from the specialist physicians. In patients with cancer at the end of life, the pain should be assessed at least once a day. Moreover, physicians should be trained in assessing patients with pain who are unable to verbalize or have cognitive impairment.
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ISSP TREATMENT CONSENT FORM Top

Indian Society for Study of Pain (ISSP) treatment consent form for opioids and controlled drugs p. 54

DOI:10.4103/0970-5333.276069  
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