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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 29  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 21-28

Nonspecific non-acute low back pain and psychological interventions: A review of evidence and current strategies

1 Centre for Pain Research, Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, Institute for Health and WellBeing, Leeds Beckett University, Leeds, United Kingdom
2 Department of Physical Therapy, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

Correspondence Address:
Gourav Banerjee
Center for Pain Research, Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, Leeds Beckett University, Leeds
United Kingdom
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0970-5333.145929

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Nonspecific persistent and chronic low back pain (LBP) is one of the world's most significant burdens. Its management continues to be challenging despite advancements in medical diagnostics and therapeutics. The purpose of this narrative review is to update evidence-based, multidisciplinary assessment and treatment strategies for nonspecific non-acute LBP with special emphasis on the growing influence of psychological principles in physiotherapists' (PT) practice. An electronic literature search was performed to identify relevant clinical practice guidelines, from which an overarching summary was synthesized. All guidelines were consistent in their recommendations for the assessment of psychosocial factors and psychology-based interventions. In discussion, we underlined psychological processes and psychology-based strategies that are clinically relevant to, and within the professional competency and scope of PT practice.

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