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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 33  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 54-61

Outline for setting up acute postoperative pain service for Indian Hospital

Department of Anesthesia, Pain and ICU, Khoula Hospital, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Naresh Kaul
Department of Anesthesia, Pain and ICU, Khoula Hospital, Muscat
Sultanate of Oman
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijpn.ijpn_36_19

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Majority of Indian hospitals still lack the provision of acute postoperative pain relief service. In other parts of the world, field of acute pain management strategy has witnessed a surge in its implementation. Today, acute pain has begun to be recognized not merely as a distressing symptom but also as a precursor of chronic, debilitating pain. This development warrants that we in India address this issue on an urgent basis through the use of analgesic/narcotic combination via parenteral/oral/rectal route as well as by performing regional blocks, to meet the interpatient variability and available facility. In this review article, we have provided the organization and function of acute pain service (APS) program that can be adapted to a wide spectrum of Indian hospitals. We have outlined the role of APS team including the use of easily available analgesic/narcotic drug combinations for various categories of Indian hospitals dealing with different grades of surgical conditions, including those hospitals that are not sufficient in resources and funding. This article has also tabulated possible regional block techniques with their indications for treating acute postoperative pain in combination with parenteral/oral/rectal analgesics/narcotics in the more developed Indian hospitals. Staffing and equipment requirements have also been outlined.

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